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Wood-based Battery could Revolutionise Energy Market

24.09.2022

Nowadays a trend can be witnessed in almost all countries around the globe which focuses on the development of renewable energy sources. One condition that has to be met in order to efficiently harness the energy produced by renewables is that the storage media or batteries have to be more flexible and enduring. There are a...

New Understanding of Nickel Oxide Superconductors Pave Way for New Applications

14.09.2022

After superconductivity was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century, scientists around the globe have taken great pains to unravel the mysteries of this phenomenon in materials physics. The insights they have gained are profound. However, the exact mechanisms that lie at the bottom of this phenomenon have yet to be...

New Method for Hydrogen Storage could Help Phase Out Fossil Fuels

05.09.2022

Hydrogen is increasingly becoming one of the major players in achieving independence from fossil fuels. However, making out the perfect material for storing hydrogen either in gaseous or liquid form has brought along its own set of problems. When in gaseous form, hydrogen requires high-pressure tanks (350–700 bar [5,000–10,000...

Testing Explosives for Geothermal Energy Production

26.08.2022

In view of the looming energy crisis, scientists are leaving no stone unturned to find sustainable and efficient means to mitigate fossil fuel dependency. A promising source of energy is geothermal wells because, unlike wind or solar energy, they do not rely on the weather to produce heat or electricity. There are, however,...

New Method for Lithium Extraction from Brine

18.08.2022

Lithium is a mineral which occurs naturally and constitutes about 0.0007 percent of the Earth's crust. Lithium is contained in minerals and salts of natural brines which can be found underground or in seawater. Lithium can also form a byproduct of hydraulic fracturing. There it is mostly contained in fracturing fluids. Such...

Improved Stability in Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells

14.08.2022

Halide perovskites are generally regarded as materials which have high performance potential while reducing production costs. The name is derived from the mineral calcium titanium oxide CaTiO 3 (XIIA2+VIB4+X2−3) and is also used for the class of compounds which have the same crystal structure, called the perovskite structure....

Plant Residue for Hydrogen Production

03.08.2022

In our modern world, tremendous amounts of organic waste, such as agricultural residues, food waste and animal manure, are produced every day. The greater part of this waste is transported to composting plants and incinerated to gain heat and electricity. This process often releases significant amounts of CO2 into the...

Improved Lithium Battery Performance through New Additive

23.07.2022

As we become ever more dependent on lighter, thinner, and smaller electrical devices, the production and use of lithium-ion batteries has turned into one of the most important branches of industry, as they are needed for e.g. mobile phones and laptops, but also for larger applications such as electric vehicles. To ensure good...

New Solar Cell with an Efficiency of One Sun Developed

11.07.2022

The idea to use sunlight for energy production is not new. The first modern solar cell was invented in 1954 at Bell Laboratories, an American industrial research and scientific development company now owned by Finnish company Nokia. Sunrays hitting the surface of a photovoltaic (PV) cell can be reflected, absorbed or pass...

Method for Increased Methane Yield from Biogas Plant

16.06.2022

In view of the current endeavours to reduce fossil fuel dependence and facilitate the transition to more sustainable ways of fuel production, in recent times biogas has been afforded increased attention by scientists around the world. Biogas plants use bacteria to break down biomass in an oxygen-free environment to form...